Genetic Purity Maintenance and Plant Breeding

The DAFE is the Founder and Responsible of the Purity Maintenance of the following varieties

 

Genetic Purity Maintenance

Varieties registered in the National and UE Register of Agricultural Species

Oat (Avena sativa L.)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)

Varieties registered in the National and UE Register of Vegetable Species

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

Ponticello

Plant Breeding

 


 

Genetic Purity Maintenance

Oat (Avena sativa L.)

Argentina

Red grain variety (A. byzantina Koch), derived from an Argentine population (Descent # 109), selected by prof. Antonio Benvenuti.

Alternative, it can be sown from September (pastures) until March (hay). For the hay, it can be associated with vetch. Refined grain for sport horse, is the most cultivated variety in Italy. Sold by SIS, Società Italiana Sementi http://www.sisonweb.com/it

 

Ombrone

Red grain variety (A. byzantina Koch), derived from the landrace Maremmana, selected by prof. Antonio Benvenuti.

Alternative, it can be sown from September (pastures) until February (hay). For the hay, it can be associated with vetch. Plants taller than the var. Argentina. Refined grain for sport horse, has a 1000 seed weight higher than the var. Argentina. Sold by Consorzio Agrario del Tirreno

https://www.consorzioagrariotirreno.it/

 

Novella Antonia

Reddish grain variety, different from var. Argentina and Ombrone, derived from the cross Dolphin//Argentina and selected by dr. Marco Baldanzi.

Alternative, it can be sown from September until March. Given the erect juvenile growth habit, as forage it is particularly suitable for the hay, especially in intercropping with leguminous plants. Plant height similar to the var. Ombrone. Sold by Semetica https://www.semetica.com/

Baldanzi M., Macchia M. (2007) Novella Antonia: nuova varietà di avena primaverile a seme rosso. dal Seme 2(3):18-19

 

Dori

Yellowy grain variety, derived from the cross Donata//Riel and selected by dr. Marco Baldanzi.

Alternative, it can be sown from September until March. Given the prostrate juvenile growth habit, as forage it is particularly suitable for the pasture. Deep green foliage. Plant height similar to the var. Ombrone and Novella Antonia.

 

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)

Manto

 

Variety derived from the ecotype of the Fattoria di Montegemoli (PI), selected by prof. Antonio Benvenuti & prof. Guido Pardini. Sold by http://www.sgaravatti.net/

 

 

 

Maraviglia

 

Variety derived from a Tuscan ecotype, selected by prof. Antonio Benvenuti & prof. Guido Pardini. Sold by http://www.sgaravatti.net/

 

 

 

Messe

Variety derived from a Tuscan ecotype, selected by prof. Antonio Benvenuti & prof. Guido Pardini. Sold by

Marovelli Sementi, Via Galileo Galilei 315 – 57014 Vicarello (LI) 0586 961083

 

 

 

Mirabile

Variety derived from a Tuscan ecotype, selected by prof. Antonio Benvenuti & prof. Guido Pardini. Sold by Semetica https://www.semetica.com/

 

 

 

 

Etrusca

Variety derived from the Maremmano ecotype, selected by dr. Marco Baldanzi.

Sold by Semetica https://www.semetica.com/

Purity maintenance at Grosseto: https://www.coagri.it/

Baldanzi M., Macchia M. (2007) Nuova varietà di erba medica “Etrusca” dall’ecotipo Maremmano. dal Seme 2(3):16-17.

 

Varieties selected at DAFE and registered in the National and UE Register of Vegetable Species

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

Ponticello

Variety with slow climbing, derived from the line #05, selected by dr. Marco Baldanzi and prof. Guido Pardini, from an ecotype grown in San Casciano – Cascina (PI). The name Ponticello derives from the farm located in Cardeta, Arena Metato, San Giuliano Terme (PI), where the selection work was conducted in the three-year period 2000-2002. Noteworthy productions from fresh and dry flat seed combined with excellent tasty qualities.

 

 

Baldanzi M., Pardini G. (2002) Descrizione della varietà locale di fagiolo “Piattella pisana” o “San Michele”. Agricoltura Ricerca 189:59-72

Baldanzi M., Pardini G. (2003) Valutazione di linee selezionate dalla varietà locale di fagiolo ‘Piattella Pisana’ o ‘San Michele’. Sementi Elette 6:50-56

 

Plant Breeding

Oat

No lodging

Grain quality: high 1000-seed weight and high test-weight

 

 

Naked oat

High % of germination / emergence

No lodging

Grain quality: high 1000-seed weight

 

Hybrid populations sativa//sterilis

9 populations obtained by combining three selection environments for three types of juvenile growth habit: erect, intermediate, prostrate.

Erect: suitable for the hay

Intermediate: suitable for grazing

Prostrate: suitable for cover crops

Baldanzi, L. Andreotti, M. Macchia & P. Secchiari (2011) Bulk method selection with grazing treatments on segregating populations from Avena sativa × A. sterilis hybrids. Euphytica 182:405-408

 

Castor plant

 

 

 

 

Inbred lines

This is a collection set up and conserved in our Department in order to maintain the highest number of descriptive traits

 

Baldanzi, M.L. Myczkowski, M. Salvini, M. Macchia (2015) Description of 90 inbred lines of castor plant (Ricinus communis L.) Euphytica 202:13–33

Baldanzi, I. Arduini, C. Pugliesi (2019) The disbudding (nipping) ×  genotype  interaction  demonstrates  different perennial habits in castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis L.). Agrochimica 63 (1):137-149

 

 

 

Annual life cycle

This research is aimed to obtain a non-branching annual genotype. The Project started in the 1980s, continued in the 1990s with the pedigree method, and recently restarted through the recurrent selection

Baldanzi M., Benvenuti A. (1995) An ideotype of castor (Ricinus communis L.) for the Mediterranean environment. Agr. Med. 125:16-20

Baldanzi M., Pugliesi C. (1998) Selection for non-branching in castor, Ricinus communis L. Plant Breed. 117:392-394

Baldanzi M., Pugliesi C. (1999) Searching for a non-branching plant in castor. Ital. J. Agron. 2:127-132

Baldanzi M., Fambrini M., Pugliesi C. (2003) Redesign of the castor-bean plant body plan for optimal combine harvesting. Ann. Appl. Biol. 142:299-306

 

 

Common bean

Conservation of the local variety “Piattella Pisana”

Since 2000, a collection of almost 40 different genotypes has been established at the Department, traditionally known in the Pisa Plain. The seeds are preserved and periodically renewed at the Experimental Center of Rottaia, via del Ragnaino n. 2, Pisa

Baldanzi M., Macchia M. (2016) Fagiolo ‘Piattella Pisana’: descrizione morfologica di 12 nuove accessioni. dal Seme 1(1):46-54